Components and What They Do

Vitamins

A (Beta Carotene) It affects the formation and maintenance of skin, mucous membranes, bones, and teeth; vision; and reproduction

B1 (Thiamine) acts as a catalyst in carbohydrate metabolism, enabling pyruvic acid to be absorbed and carbohydrates to release their energy. Thiamine also plays a role in the synthesis of nerve-regulating substances

B2 (Riboflavin) serves as a coenzyme-one that must combine with a portion of another enzyme to be effective-in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and, especially, respiratory proteins. It also serves in the maintenance of mucous membranes

B3 (Niacinamide) works as a coenzyme in the release of energy from nutrients

B5 (Pantothenic Acid) plays a role in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats

B6 (Pyridoxine) necessary for the absorption and metabolism of amino acids. It also plays roles in the use of fats in the body and in the formation of red blood cells

B7 (Biotin) helps convert food to energy and is required for the synthesis of carbohydrates, proteins, and fatty acids. Biotin is especially important for healthy hair, skin, and nails.

B12 (Cobalamin) necessary for the formation of nucleoproteins, proteins, and red blood cells, and for the functioning of the nervous system

C (Ascorbic Acid) important in the formation and maintenance of collagen, the protein that supports many body structures and plays a major role in the formation of bones and teeth. It also enhances the absorption of iron from foods of vegetable origin

D3 (Cholecalciferol) necessary for normal bone formation and for retention of calcium and phosphorus in the body. It also protects the teeth and bones against the effects of low calcium intake by making more effective use of calcium and phosphorus

E (d-alpha-tocopherol) plays some role in forming red blood cells and muscle and other tissues and in preventing the oxidation of vitamin A and fats

Folic Acid (Folate) coenzyme needed for forming body protein and hemoglobin. Recent investigations show that folic acid deficiency may be responsible for neural tube defects, a type of birth defect that results in severe brain or neurological disorders (see Spina Bifida).

K - necessary mainly for the coagulation of blood. It aids in forming prothrombin, an enzyme needed to produce fibrin for blood clotting

Minerals

Boron is a trace mineral that is primarily needed for healthy bones and teeth, and the proper metabolism of the essential minerals calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. Boron also enhances brain function, promotes/improves alterness, helps to prevent osteoporosis, and builds muscles. Boron deficiency also accentuates vitamin D deficiency. It is required to convert vitamin D to its most active form within the kidneys. It also appears that boron is required to activate certain hormones including estrogen

Calcium is needed for developing and maintaining the rigidity of bones. It also contributes to the formation of intracellular cement and the cell membranes, and regulation of nervous excitability and muscular contraction. About 90 percent of calcium is stored in bone, where it can be reabsorbed by blood and tissue. Aids your nervous system, especially in impulse transmission. Helps in normalizing blood clotting action. Helps metabolize your body's iron. May help prevent bone loss associated with Osteoporosis.

Chromium works with insulin to regulate the body's use of sugar and is essential to fatty-acid metabolism. Its contribution to metabolism makes chromium a helpful supplement in weight loss programs. Additional evidence suggests that chromium may help deter atherosclerosis and reduce risk of cardiovascular disease.

Copper is indispensable to human health. Its many functions include the following: helping to form hemoglobin in the blood; facilitating the absorption and use of iron so that red blood cells can transport oxygen to tissues; assisting in the regulation of blood pressure and heart rate; strengthening blood vessels, bones, tendons, and nerves; promoting fertility; and insuring normal skin and hair pigmentation. Some evidence suggests that copper helps prevent cardiovascular problems such as high blood pressure and heart arrythmias and that it may help treat arthritis and scoliosis. Copper may also protect tissue from damage by free radicals, support the body's immune function, and contribute to preventing cancer.

Iron is found in hemoglobin, which is the protein in red blood cells. This protein transports oxygen from the lungs to the various body tissues. Iron is also a component of myogolbin, a protein that provides extra fuel to muscles during exertion. It is especially important during pregnancy, when the amount of red blood cells increases by 20-40%.

Iodine Because iodine is part of several thyroid hormones, it strongly influences nutrient metabolism, nerve and muscle function, nail, hair, skin and tooth condition, and physical and mental development. It is also believed that Iodine may help convert beta carotene into Vitamin A.

Magnesium is a key substance in the proper functioning of nerves and muscles. It is also needed for the healthy maintenance of bones. Magnesium is often coupled with Calcium in supplements because of its synergistic effects (it helps the body absorb the calcium better). It also helps protect the atrial lining from the stress of sudden blood pressure changes.

Manganese is essential for the proper formation and maintenance of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue. It contributes to the synthesis of proteins and genetic material, and helps produce energy from foods. It also acts as an antioxidant and assists in normal blood clotting. Manganese is an important cofactor in the key enzymes of glucose metabolism. It has been found that a deficiency results in diabetes in guinea pigs as well as the frequent birth of offspring who develop pancreatic abnormalities or no pancreas at all. Another interesting fact is that diabetics have been shown to have half the level of manganese that normal individuals have.

Molybdenum is a component of the enzyme "xanthine oxidase" and an essential trace mineral. It helps generate energy, process waste for excretion, mobilize stored iron for the body's use, and detoxify sulfites (chemicals used as food preservatives). As such, molybdenum is key to normal growth and development, particularly of the nervous system. It is also an ingredient of tooth enamel and may help to prevent tooth decay.

Molybdenum is also necessary for iron utilization, alcohol detoxification, and a component involved in the production of uric acid (a nitrogen waste product of protein metabolism). It may also act as an antioxidant and be important in normal sexual function in men. Molybdenum works with vitamin B2 in the conversion of food to energy

Selenium stimulates metabolism, and is an antioxidant, protecting cells and tissues from damage wrought by free radicals. Because its antioxidant effects complement those of Vitamin E, the two taken together, help reinforce each other. These two compounds together are extremely important in preventing free radical damage to cell membranes. Selenium also supports immune function and neutralizes certain poisonous substances such as cadmium, mercury, and arsenic that may be ingested or inhaled. Although it's full therapeutic value is unknown, adequate selenium levels may help combat arthritis, deter heart disease and prevent cancer.

Zinc is an extremely important mineral for many functions of our body - down to the very core structure of our cells. Zinc is integral to the synthesis of RNA and DNA, the genetic material that controls cell growth, division and function. In various proteins, enzymes, hormones, and hormonelike substances called prostaglandins, zinc contributes to many bodily processes, including:

An adequate zinc intake enhances the ability to taste, promotes healthy skin and hair, enhances reproductive functions, and may improve short-term memory and attention span. As an anti-inflammatory agent, zinc is sometimes used to treat acne, rheumatoid arthritis, and prostatitis. Taking supplemental zinc can stimulate wound healing and may boost resistance to infection, especially in the elderly. Zinc is a critical nutrient of immunity because it is involved in so many immune mechanisms including cell-mediated and antibody-mediated immunity, thuymus gland function and thymus hormone action. When zinc levels are low, the number of T cells is reduced and many white blood functions critical to the immune response are severely lacking. Like Vitamin C, zinc also possesses direct antiviral activity, including activitiy against several viruses that can cause the common cold. In one double-blind clinical study it was demonstrated that zinc gluconate lozenges (containing 23 mg of zinc each) taken every 2 hours significantly reduced the average duration of common colds by seven days. It was also shown that the zinc lozenges had a protective effect against the development of colds.

Young children, pregnant women, vegetarians, and elderly people are most susceptible to zinc deficiency

Herbs & Other Natural Nutriceuticals

Maca Root is an herb grown at a specific elevation in the Andes in Peru. It has been shown in several studies to promote male and female fertility. The proprietary blend in XX and XY is set at dosages consistent with this data.